All vegetables need soil that is rich in nutrients. It is very important to properly prepare soil for obtaining higher productivity of vegetable. Because at cultivation at higher and low places adversely affect seed growth and production due to lack of moisture available there. Therefore, the field should be properly prepared and made completely smooth after deep ploughing. If simple ploughing is done then it must be done twice. After that laser levelling should be followed. Before cultivation farm yard manure should be applied at the rate of 15-20 tonnes per acre. It will increase the moisture retaining capacity of soil. Farm yard manure should be properly applied to the field and levelling should be followed after that. Farmyard manure enables better utilization of nutrients from mineral fertilizers.