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Berseem requires cool temperature during germination and early growth stages.

Berseem is leguminous fodder crop and provide proteins and other minerals to animals. It is adapted to cool and moderately cold climate. The optimum temperature at the time of sowing berseem should be 25◦C. For proper vegetative growth temperature range of 25◦C to 27◦C has been found ideal. Temperature below 20◦C is not suitable for its cultivation and it effects growth. Uniformly high temperature limits the cultivation of berseem. Well drained clay to clay loam soils rich in humus, calcium and phosphorus are suitable for good crop of berseem. However, it can be grown on sandy loam soil but requires frequent irrigations. Comparatively heavy textured soils considered better due to greater water retaining capacity. For obtaining better crop 8 kg seed per acre should be used. In case of cultivation beseem as an intercrop with oat 6 kg berseem and 16 kg oat per acre should be used. While cultivating as an intercrop with mustard 8 kg berseem and half kg mustard should be used.

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