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MottGrass Production Technology

INTRODUCTION

Continuous supply of adequate and nutritious green forage is essential for the promotion and development of livestock which plays a significant role in the economy of Pakistan. The Livestock sector accounts for 38 percent of the agricultural value added and about 10 percent of the total GDP. Green forage not only meets the fodder requirement but also minimises the cost of feeding. Against the estimated requirement of 358.11 million tonnes, only 165.76 million tonnes of green forage is available for livestock in Pakistan, which presents 53.71% forage deficiency. Therefore, enhancing forage production is essential to meet the increasing fodder requirements in the country. In animals, more than 70 percent of expenditure is incurred only on feed. Mott grass is a multi-cut summer fodder. Its production is 3 times more than any traditional fodder. One time sown Mott grass gives fodder for 8-10 years.

LAND PREPARATION

Land preparation is same as that of wheat. 2-3 plough with one planking.

SOWING TIME

20 FEB-20 APR and AUG-SEP

ROW to ROW and PLANT to PLANT DISTANCE

Row to row and plant to plant distance is 2-3 ft.

SEED RATE

11000 branches per acre. One bud of branch is under the ground whereas the other bud is outside at 45 degree angle towards sun.

IRRIGATION

1st irrigation must be applied soon after sowing. Remaining irrigations are according to the season. Irrigation requirement is equal to that of sugarcane.

DISEASES, PESTS AND INSECTS

No disease, insect and pest attack till now on mott grass.

HARVESTING

First harvesting will ready after 75-90 days after sowing. Other cuttings after interval of every 45 days.

MIXED CROPPING

In winter, sow oat, sarson, turnip and berseem in Mott grass field.

CONCLUSION

In MAY-JUNE, if production is enough then preserve it by making silage and feed to the animals in DEC-JAN.

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