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Honeybee Farming

Honey Bee’s Diet:

Pollen



During first 5 or 6 days of adult life, honeybee consumes great amounts of pollen for completing its development and growth. The main dietary source of worker bees is made up of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are gathered as natural from plants, trees and flowers and they serve as an important source of nutrition.

Nectar

The nectar is actually the sweet fluid that is collected from flowers, while pollen is a powder that is rich in proteins. The bee’s diet consists of a lot of nectar. It is taken to the hive where it’s utilized for the production of honey. Pollen and nectar, both give honey bees the necessary ingredients for producing the various types of honey.

Honey

Honey is produced by the bees using the nectar and pollen that they collect from plants. Honey makes up an important part of the honey bee’s diet and they consume it every day of the year. Honey is not only hydroscopic and easily digestible, but at the same time it also has great antibacterial properties that keeps the bees healthy.

Water

In order to maintain normal activities, water is a vital element in a bee’s diet and it needs to be available to the bees at all times.

Sugar Syrup



To ensure that the honey bees are properly nurtured, beekeepers need to provide bees with a thick mixture of water and sugar in equal amounts. Before giving it to the bees, they need to wait until the mixture hardens and then they place near brood nest so the bees can consume it. This is usually recommended when the hive has no honey reserve to feed.

Dry Sugar

During winters it is not possible to feed bees a sugar syrup. So the beekeepers feed them dry sugar as a substitute. It’s important for beekeepers to ensure proper nutrition for the bees since they can be a bit sensitive if they are not properly fed. In order for them to continue producing honey, beekeepers need to develop a right diet based on the environment and the climate they live in.

Locating the Apiary:

  • •There should be plenty of flowering plants in the area and no any serious environmental problems nearby, such as crops being sprayed with pesticide etc.
  • •There must be a good source of water nearby.
  • •Hives should be protected from wind and strong sunlight.
  • •To avoid possibilities of people being stung if the bees are defensive, hives are not placed near places where people live.
  • •Beekeepers usually construct their apiary so the bees have a good location to make their honey.
  • •Some flowers produce nectar that is harmful to humans, so an apiary should not be located near these kinds of flowers.
  • •Some of these flowers are mountain laurel, rhododendrons, and azaleas. They contain dangerous levels of a toxin that can cause low blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms, vomiting, dizziness, and muscle paralysis.

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