Marigolds come in different colours, yellow and orange being the most common. Most of the marigolds have strong, pungent odour and have has great value in cosmetic treatment. There are many varieties of Marigolds available today. Broadly, there are two genuses which are referred to by the common name, Marigolds viz., Tagetes and Celandula. Tagetes includes African Marigolds and French Marigolds. Calendula includes Pot Marigolds.
- It is an extremely effective herb for the treatment of skin problems and can be used wherever there is inflammation of the skin, whether due to infection or physical damage.
- As an ointment, Marigold (Calendula) is an excellent cosmetic remedy for repairing minor damage to the skin such as subdermal broken capillaries or sunburn. The sap from the stem is reputed to remove warts, corns and calluses.
- In South Asia bright yellow and orange Marigold flowers are used in their thousands in garlands and to decorate religious statues and buildings. They are also used as offerings and decoration at funerals, weddings and other ceremonies.
- Pigments in Marigolds are sometimes extracted and used as a food colouring for humans and livestock.
ii. propagation by seeds
Growing of Marigolds Marigolds can be propagated by seeds. The plants need about 45 days to flower after seeding. Marigold seeds should be sown 2cm apart. Cover seeds with 1/4 inch of potting soil. Water sufficiently. Plants will appear within a few days. When true leaves have formed, transplant into individual containers or outdoors.
- Plant your seeds in half-sunny or sunny locations.
- The soil must be well-drained, moist and fertile.
- Add potash fertilizers to prolong the flowering period.
- Pinch off the first flowers before they open. This will lead to a larger number of flowers.
iii. Varieties Marigolds come in different colours
Yellow and orange being the most common. Most of the marigolds have some odor and has great value in cosmetic treatment. There are many varieties of Marigolds available today. Some of the major Marigold varieties are African or American Marigolds, French Marigolds, Signet Marigolds. iv. Plant Care Marigolds have a pungent odour which keeps insects at bay, but they can be bothered by slugs. Also, tall American and Triploid Marigold varieties need staking to protect them from strong winds and heavy rainfall.