Banana Production technology
Pakistan is a land of promise and tremendous development possibilities by virtue of its unique geographical location, fast inquisitional talents of its people, and richness of natural and cultural resources. Agricultural sector of Pakistan is usually divided into four main sub-sectors: crops, livestock and forestry and fisheries, Banana is an important sector of Pakistan
Banana is extensively grown in the lower part of Sindh where the soil and climatic conditions are favorable for its successful cultivation. The total share of Sindh province alone in its cultivation in the area is 87 per cent and 89 per cent in production.
The area under banana at the time of independence was only 117 hectares and the production reported was 368 M. tons. The popular Hari chhal (Basrai) banana variety has been successfully acclimatized, then multiplied and spread all over the Sindh Province and it covers approximately 98% of total production area in sindh. Since then it seems that during that period till now, there have been no technical know-how ever established about better banana cultivation practices. According to “Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2011”, out of 34,800 hectares 32,200 hectares were grown in sindh province and sindh produced 127.4000 tonnes of banana out of 154,800 tones of total production of banana in Pakistan and the average yield per hectare was 3957 kg in sindh and overall production of Pakistan per hectare was 4448 kg. Average cost of production in sindh is RS 80,000 to RS 150,000.
Major Districts of Banana Cultivation in Sindh
Major districts in Sindh where banana is grown are:
- Naushero feroz
- Tando Muhammad khan
- Tando Allahyar
Recently cultivation of banana has been extended from Khairpur to Sakkur. Mostly Basrai variety (Cavendish dwarf) and William Hybrid are grown in Khairpur,it is also being cultivated in Karachi.
Major Varieties Grown in Sindh Area
Cavendish Dwarf (Barsai) 98% (conventional variety)
Tissues Cultured Varieties
Work is being done on three Chinese cultivar in PARC, Islamabad.